Engineers / Consultants
Guest: Fire Protection Specialist-Tanju Ataylar
Theme: Fire protection & architectural space
This week Tanju Ataylar shared some important informations about fire protection and how these systems design in the buildings.
Fir protection systems are not only prevent the damage or minimize it, also try to avoid it. But in this presentation we generally focused on how to minimize the damage or prevent the damage part of fire protection.
Generally he focussed 2 main topics and analyse their subtitles for explaning how fire protection systems emerg in the buildings.
These main topics were;
- Means of egress
- Compartmantation- Fire zone
- Building services
- Operating features
A means of egress by definition; the path that need to move building occupants to a safe place. From every location in a building a means of egress is required over which a person can move to gain access to the outside or to a place of safety
There is fire regulations that provided by municipality to ensure the buildings have standard safety condition against fire. Generally fire regulation regulates the exit discarge and the exit features in the building directly proportionate to user capacity and the scale of project.
The exit features that determined by fire regulation are;
- travel distance
- widths of the exit
- number of exits
- limitation on the travel path
- hand ralls-step width
For protecting the occupants from fire the building should have divided a fire zones and each zone must have its fire escape spaces. As a general principle of all fire escape, each fire escape must reach safely to outside of building. And in these fire escapes all doors must open to out. And the number of exits are also generally decided as
- for 50 people 2 exit
- for 500 people 3 exit
- for 1000 people 4 exit.
The function of building determines the needs and applications of fire protection system of a building but as ı said before the generall principles are same for each building. In the presentation we generally go over of these different applications and generally how it works by trough the examples.
To sum up, in the presentation Tanju Atalay shared lots of general information about the systems and how these systems emerged in a building by exemplifying the regulations and applications at the same time. And i should say these the visuals and informations were extremely important and helpful for us.