Engineers / Consultants

Guest: Fire Protection Specialist-Tanju Ataylar

Theme: Fire protection & architectural space

This week Tanju Ataylar shared some important informations about fire protection and how these systems design in the buildings.

Fir protection systems are not only prevent the damage or minimize it, also try to avoid it. But in this presentation we generally focused on how to minimize the damage or prevent the damage part of fire protection.

Generally he focussed 2 main topics and analyse their subtitles for explaning how fire protection systems emerg in the buildings.

These main topics were;

  • Means of egress
  • Compartmantation- Fire zone
    • Protection
    • Building services
    • Operating features

A means of egress by definition; the path that need to move building occupants to a safe place. From every location in a building a means of egress is required over which a person can move to gain access to the outside or to a place of safety

There is fire regulations that provided by municipality to ensure the buildings have standard safety condition against fire. Generally fire regulation regulates the exit discarge and the exit features in the building directly proportionate to user capacity and the scale of project.

The exit features that determined by fire regulation are;

  • travel distance
  • widths of the exit
  • number of exits
  • limitation on the travel path
    • slope
    • obstruction
    • hand ralls-step width
    • lightning

For protecting the occupants from fire the building should have divided a fire zones and each zone must have its fire escape spaces. As a general principle of all fire escape, each fire escape must reach safely to outside of building. And in these fire escapes all doors must open to out. And the number of  exits are also generally decided as

  • for 50 people 2 exit
  • for 500 people 3 exit
  • for 1000 people 4 exit.

The function of building determines the needs and applications of fire protection system of a building but as ı said before the generall principles are same for each building. In the presentation we generally go over of these different applications and generally how it works by trough the examples.

To sum up, in the presentation Tanju Atalay shared lots of general information about the systems and how these systems emerged in a building by exemplifying the regulations and applications at the same time. And i should say these the visuals and informations were extremely important and helpful for us.




While we are approaching the end, we had our last preliminary jury. For this jury we are expected to have initial approach to 1/200 plan. While ı was working on th eplans, i tried to improve my design according to  program’s need as well. Here my studies for prejury 3;

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In this study ı try to understand the manner behind how old & new building are connected. Here some example that ı analyse ;

  1. İstanbul Deniz Müzesi
  2. Musée National des Beaux-Arts by OMA

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Guest: Electrical Engineer in Practice / Özgür Ulupınar

Theme: Electrical systems & architectural space

This week Özgür Ulupınar shared some basic knowledges about electrical systems, how these system works in architectural spaces and what are the endorsements that applied on these systems.

Firstly, he mentioned high voltage/tension. He said we call above 1000 volt of tension as a high voltage. Then he said high voltage generally applies in large-scale facilities or projects. This special application also need special wiring system such as underground wiring or etc. He also showed a video for explaining the possible situations that may occur if enough precaution are not taking against safety voltage transmission.

Then we continued to low voltage which is under 1000 voltage. Generally these voltages transmits trough pvc wires or aerial wire system in small places such as villages. Then he said that high voltage transform low voltage at transformer. Actually the transformers are very dangerous systems because wiring connections are open in this system. So that generally transformers build as concrete spaces or prefabric PVC boxes.

Thirdly, he mentioned about  generator what are the working principle of it  and how engineers apply it for answering the needs in the building. Then he exemplifies where generally located in architectural spaces or buildings.

After all these basic electrical terminology he shared for informing us about what the electrical systems and electrical components are, he specifies what kind of electrical room or space that we need to be located in a building as;

  • High voltage room
  • Transformer room
  • Low voltage room or panel room
  • Uninterruptible power supply space
  • Communication and security systems room
  • Shaft and electrical rooms

Then he highlighted three thing that we have to be carefull while we are designing these electrical rooms which are;

  • All electrical room’s door opens outside
  • Wet areas never located on electrical rooms
  • There can not build transit pipe system at electrical rooms

After he told the things we should be carefull while we are designing, he also explained how these rooms should be by showing some examples from transformers rooms, panel rooms and etc.

Then, related with its specific needs, he focused on generator room. First and foremost, generator rooms should have proper design and construction for working efficiently without discomfort users. So that we should be pay attention to;

  • Ventilation opening’s isolation
  • Isolation of sound absorbing layer
  • Application of dilatation

After these, he briefly mentioned shaft applications, raised flor systems (how it’s application happen in electrical rooms), electricity meter rooms and electrical rooms. He shared information about in which cases these rooms are needed and how these application happens.

Lastly, he finalized his presentation by sharing brief information about the other electrical applications in buildings such as lightning protection, weak current systems and renewable energy systems.

To sum up, i can say that from this presentation i learned lots of general knowledges about electrical systems in buildings. By going over what are these systems, what are the rooms that we need for technical efficiency, what are the design needs of them and  etc,  he  builds   big awareness of us.



Collaboration (cont.) -Engineers / Consultants

Guest: Mechanical Engineer in Practice- Mehmet Okutan

Theme: Mechanical systems & architectural space

This week we had an interactive lesson. We started our lesson by discussing what kind of practice area that we would like to work in. Some of us said small project firm is better for newly graduate architects for learning practice more closely. As some of us believe if you practice in small firms we have a higher change to be participate to design process or observing all process and learned from it more easily.

On the other hand, some of us discuss that by working big project firm we can focus some spesific part of design and be more professional at that part. And also because of big firm’s portfolio and working area is wider they also stated that we can see more projects and gain lots of experience from them as well.

By creating this discussion Mehmet Okutan helps us to see advantages and disadvantages of different kind of disiplaniry’s practices as a someone who works both kind of firms.

Then he shared some of the experiences of him that he gained in field, or observing environments or his partners such as architects.

He highlighted for having working design process,  all disciplinaries that works in the sam project should follow each other’s steps. Because all the process is linked to each other and without completing one proceeding the other one is not healthy for design process’s going.

The 6 basic design step in practice that he mentioned are;

  • Design studies
  • Conceptual design
  • Schematic design
  • Design development
  • Construction documents
  • Binding contract
  • Design implementations, construction and observation
  • Final acceptance and maintenance of procedures

He showed some examples about how these process works and also he talked which part of this design he works in the process. Then he shared some of his experience about healthy process of design and not.

Actually as i deduce healthy working environment, healthy co-workers and etc are so important for our practice life. And all of these will  be determined by our choices and maybe some luck.