The word “museum” has classical origins in its Greek form as “mouseion” . It means “seat of the Muses” that defines as a instution of liberal arts. Museum as a place that create for preserving and displaying history and most of the time seen as a part of art instution or education itself. Trough the history it takes place with in various typologies and functions.
Museum and architecture is a wide contex that defines it’s roles with its own creator hands. Some museum outstanding with it’s architecture some of them with it’s exhibitons. Also role of museum shows verity around its function and role in the sociecty. So that there are lots of aspects about how to built a museum and how mueums serve the society within its own characteristic. There are some sayings i want to share that come up while i am researching about Muesum & Architecture;
“Museums are no longer seen as fixed frameworks, but a place for public interaction and exchange. One could consider that one of the building’s functions is to absorb the cultures within the city, and then reflect and shape this within an architectural form. The museum itself visually exemplifies its roles within a city, for instance unlocking urban memories, reconfiguring the past, aiding in touristic rediscovery and exploitation of a place to the whole urban environment, roles that challenge the museum’s attempt to reconnect culture and a city’s built form” (Giebelhausen, 2003 p. 2).
As it is clear, now a days museum become an instution for urban life. But as a begining of history of museum it drive from the idea of showing richness and power for wealthy families. As begining of Enlightment with the support of wealthy and noble families art gained importance and started the required a place for exposure itself. So that first foundations of museum occured with corridors and small galaries for these noble’s private art collections.
However the instanct of displaying was old the first space spatialize for exhibition designed with Renasaince Vatican by Donato Bramante (1506).
Another important structure in museum history is theGlyptothek (built from 1816 to 1830) was designed by Leo von Klenze to house Ludwig’s Greek and Roman sculpture collection. The building is made of larger iner courtyard that surrounds 14 halls.
Starting with the birth of the museum effectively in the 19 th century, it is revealed the changing relationship society during time and therefore with its-self as well.
Museums becomes such a spasialize palces that serve education of society rather than displaying space for noble art. Museums as the Louvre in Paris, or the British Museum in London and many more started to becomeas public exhibits of often private collections.
As a beginning of museum ideology museum was only related with the expression of art, knowledge and power. End of the19th century it become more like civic institution. Within time it gains its own characteristic and attitude.
1*(In 1989, I.M. Pei’s renovation redesigned Cour Napoleon (the main court of the Louvre)
2* Lahdelma & Mahlamäki, Kuryłowicz & Associates
3* The Guggenheim Bilbao
By the time architecture of the Musuems becomes experience itself. Even in some cases architecture of museum extinguish from exhibition itself .Adam Gopnik summarize this approach by saying ” It is the beginning of the idea that the museum reflects the people as much as the people are influenced by the museum” .
Also with the new ideology of 21st century new museum typology appears where that of the like of the MOMA in New York. That kind of museums offered the visitor a place to learn to become “modern”, a place to be transformed by themselves, a place to re-fashion their own perspective and experinces.
3* Guggenheim ,NY