In the las week of reading assignments, week we overview “Streets in Urban Design” by Cliff Moughtin, Urban Design, pp. 127- 150.
Cliff moughtin works on urban design and theory. He mostly focused on developing countries. He has 5 important book on urban design which are; Method and Technique, Green Dimensions, Ornament and Decoration, Street and Square.
Moughtin starts to text with the quotation from Vitruvius’s definition of street related with theater. Then continuous with Anthony Vilder’s quotation about how buildings gives character to the street. After that he continuous with the definition of some urban terminologies such as road and street. As a main distinction between them he highlight the fix destination.
In the part he analysis the function of the street, he stated that street is a legitimate element of civic design. So that ıt should approach the street not only means of access but also an arena for social expression. Ashe pointed out it is not clear that how the physical environment affect the social behaviour of public but in some case like he examples as ; “In 1940s and a950s it was thought by planners that trough the manipulation of land use patterns and design small neighbourhoods that somehow “ comunnity “ would result.” İt can bring various results.
He believes that the street is a physical element in the city and this is a social fact. It has less tangible function in facilitating communication and interaction between people and groups. Hence, he criticized urban planners for highlighting how important examine the function and role of street is, while giving form to the important element of city. Then he continuous explaining how interaction of pedestrians and vehicles determined the function of street. Furthermore, he stated that “the successof pedestrian areas is depend on the variety of attacrtions”.
Later on he mentions about the form of the streets and he stated that street can analyse according to its length, width, scale and etc. Then he mentions public squares and how it occurs.
Then, he says “ the street is something more than a simple pathway, it is a series of connected places, somewhere for staying in and not just for moving trough”. Actually, as he quation form Lynch ideas, the street is a path enlived by series of nodes where other paths meet it or where activities intensify to such an extent that place and rest vie for dominance with function of pathway and movement.
On the last part he discuss the unifying of the street design what are the factors that affects the unification of it and how it should be. For explaining these kind of questions that he lead us to consider, he gives an examples from different places and also by some quations he explains the importance of planing the street as vital part of city.
As a conclusion, ı can say that in all text, he clearly stated the importance of street as an urban form that serves public by being vital part of existence of city. And he discuss the term of the street with its importance specialities to explain what is street, how we approach and what we should consider about street while we design.