Project Development Process (cont.) / Large Scale Offices

Organization in Large Scale Projects

Guest:  Cem Altınöz

This week we focused on  large-scale projects and it’s organization. Cem Altinöz tried to explain us via presentation what is the role of architect in the large-scale project’s organization and how the process occurs in between different interdisciplinary.

Firstly we mentioned that we should defined where we should stand while we are working different interdisciplinaries. To be determined, about how process will develop and mutually interrelations will work, is so important for the entire project. The reason of in the large-scale project there is lots of different context need to be focused on such as;

  • Lightning design
  • Structural design
  • Thermal simulation
  • Building services
  • Electrical planing and etc.

As an architect we should develop our design process jointly with lots of team simultaneously via considering these wide inputs.

In addition, another major difficulties of large scale project is working with the lots of different groups such as;

  • Structural
  • Geologic
  • seismic
  • Electrical
  • Landscape
  • Lightning
  • infrastructures
  • Facade
  • Fire
  • interior and etc.

While we work on our design we should keep in touch with all the groups and we should manage our communication process successfully for the success of the project.

After all these Cem Altınöz also mentioned about what are the applications of the groups and how the interrelation process generally work on field. Then he gave us some example projects that he worked on and he showed us some drawings, calculations, job descriptions and lots of  different details about large scale projects.

Lastly, he mentioned about some types of  building evaluation and some scales that applied in design for having better design efficiency.






Project Development Process (cont.) / Competitions

Organization in a Competitive Environment


This week’s lecture was focusing on the one of the practices type that it is focusing on competitions. Competition experiences are another important subject for architecture practices. Generally their time for focusing on competition is limited and the  requirements of competitions are very broad. Also there is end result which is wining or losing which can be stressful for one individual to another or one result to another.

To whom may choose fort his path it can be very difficult or very  satisfying or in same cases both. Beside all these ı can say that attending a competition is very important an experience that every architect (ı think) should try. Because attending the competitions are generally includes concern of architecture, individual expressions and also money as well.

In the presentation Ziya İmren shared his  experiences about the competitions he and his college attended so far. He explained which projects he won and why he won or in which projects he lost and it’s reasons. He showed lots of competition projects that he designed and some of  them are specially interested me. These were;

  • Tepebaşı City hall, Eskişehir
  • The Chamber of Commerce and Industry Building, Mersin
  • Beykoz School compex, İstanbul

And also he was sharing his experience by telling us to with kind of difficulties he faced off or which kind of satisfaction he gained and what kind of prizes he had.Actually he was trying to create picture of our minds about how competition type of practice would be by telling all pros and cons that he experienced.

After all these ı can reach to point that competition based on architecture is another type of practice, which requires lots of effort and its a challenging way of producing architecture, maybe ı can consider as a practice as well.



This week we had first jury of last semester. We tried to summarize what we analyse so far and present our initial model according to our analysis and historical researches. Here some of my studies ;

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Project Development Process (cont.) / Sustaining a Practice

Professional Organization

Contracts, Project Phases, Approval Processes

This week’s lecture was focused on Sustaining a practice part of presentation. In this lecture we overviewed daily practice outcomes such as Offers, Contracts, Project Phases and Approval Processes.

Firstly we focused on offer. Offer in architectural practice can explain as initial proposal for any kind of work. It generally includes;

  • a price
  • contents of the proposed work in exchange of the stated price
  • how the work will be carried out
  • excluded relates works
  • terms and conditions that will be accepted while carrying out the work

An offer should state very carefully and clearly for a succesful arrangement that can occur between employee and employer. For understanding how offer can be, we also analyse an example of an offer.

Secondly, we go trough the contract which is a legal document that defines the framework of any professional work as well as the fee that will be paid in exchange of the work. Contract should be signed by both parties and approved by a notary to gain legal validity.

Another topic that we study was Project phase. Project Phases are changeable related with necessities of the project but chamber of architects has a suggested layout that accepted as legal document. Actually, this layout is determined by chamber and municipality. For understanding how to use these legal documents in daily practice we also calculate some examples as well.

Lally, we study approval process. Firstly, the client approval is necessity for proceeding from one stage to another without an any problem occur. After the client approval, legal approvals are also mandatory.

To not having any kind of problem client’s approval should be taken in every step of Project process. And also for a legal approval, architectural project, structural project, mechanical project, electrical project and landscape project have to handle at the same time as well.



Project Development Process (cont.) / Sustaining a Practice

Professional Organization

Contracts, Project Phases, Approval Processes

This week’s lecture was focused on Project development process part of presentation. Firstly, we focused on Bussiness organization in other words establishment of an architectural practice in Turkey.

As a start we overviewed general business necessities which can list as;

  1. An address where the business is carried out
  2. A registration to the Tax Office where your address
  3. A registration to SGK
  4. A contract with an accountant

For an architectural business to addition to all that you also have to register to yourself and also your Office to the Chamber of Architects. Without registration of the chamber,  you can not have legal right to do your profession.

After brief examination of business necessities . We focused on legal entities and their differences. Such as ordinary partnership, self-employed architects, limited liability company and corporations.  With the presentation as ı can say  behalf of myself ı learned lots of new terminologies that is going to help in practising my profession.

Then we calculate basic tax practices in Turkey for understanding  income and tax balances. As an example for tax practice we calculate withholding tax  and VAT examples. After examples we clearly understand that we have to be orianted our income, outcomes and tax very carefully and as on time.



Architectural Practice

Architect’s Role in the Society & History of the Profession in Turkey

Presented by: Asst. Prof. Dr. Bilge İmamoğlu

As a continuity of last week’s presentation, we firstly focused on the social and formal legitimacy  that profession has. Actually, social legitimacy is one of the important things for defining profession specially where profession conflicts about it’s limits or boundary of its field.

The main part that focused for this presentation was the history of the profession in Turkey. For understanding the topic  clearly, we start to look at institutions where professionalism born trough history.

1782 was the year that Mühendishane-i Bahri Hümayun was established by Abdulhamit I. The aim of this intuition was deloviping navy and navy yard. Later on this institution turned into İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi which is still one of the lead instution in terms of technical education in Turkey. As an other example, Dar-ül Funun was a more general attempt in Ottoman period for high level of eduction (higher than preliminary or secondary school) rather than military focused institutions. The understand of instution actually start with Abdülhamit and proceed trough history. From inside of various examples, last instution that ı want to mention was Mekteb-i Sanayi-i Nefise-i Şahane (1882) which we called today as Mimar Sinan Güzel Sanatlar Üniversitesi. Actually as it can notice there are lots of instutions that first established in late Ottoman period and today still functioning.

Another important thing for profession is chambers and associations. “Türk Yüksek Mimarlar Birliği” or “Mimarlar Derneği” was established in 1927. It is first independent architecture organization in Turkey as well.

Afterwards, Dr. İmamoğlu mentioned about early modern republican period of architecture in Turkey. He explained how architects worked as professions, which architects were outstanding during that important period for architecture in Turkey, what kind of education that they have and what they did for future education system of architecture in Turkey.

Vedat Tek was that we mentioned as one of the  last generation of Ottoman architects. He had builded in early republican period neo-ottoman style buildings such as Ankara palace. After lots of important examples for historical development in architecture in Turkey. He finalized the presentation giving information about Gulio Manger, Bruno Taut and Ernst Egli. These important architects helped the reformation of architecture education and lead modernist approach in Turkish architecture. In this way we reach the today understanding of architecture by examining institutions, leading characters trough history for understanding of developing our profession in Turkey.