ARCH 221 Assignment 12


This week we finally reach the last chapter of KOSTOF’s book which was our guide-book for this semester.

This week we are reading 20th and 21st chapter of book . There names are by following order; The popes As Planners: Rome 1450-1650, Absolutism And Bourgeoıse: Europeam Architecture 1600-1750.

In this post ı focus on 20th chapter because of the relation with my design  and the information’s about path design.

The processional route of  middle age was started from Ponte Sant Angelo bridge, spanned the river  between the fortress of Castel Sant angelo and small square on the left bank that several important streets met, one among them, The Via Papale, ran from the square to the roof of the Capitoline, and then through the ruins of the Roman Forum and past of the Colosseum hill , all the way to the Lateran. Also, new popes traversed it during ceremonies of their installation. The urban segment of the route was the closes thing to a spine medieval Rome possessed.

The most important interventions in the old city during the Renaissance took place at the two ends of this spine. At th east end the Palazzo Venezia, built-in the mid fifteenth century below the north slope of the Capitoline, was the earliest of Renaissance places in Rome.

Julius’ successor, Leo x, was a Florentine.To honor his compatriots, he started  for them national church, dedicated to their patron saint John the Baptist, at the upper end of Via Giulia. With Julius’ axial bridge unrealized, the new  church  of S. Ciovanni dei Fiorentini was connected to the ponte Sant’ Angelo by a straight line in the 1530. This short street formed an acute angle with the start of the Via Papale. The purely aesthetic decision to a nobel urban formula, the trivium repeated in the same years on much larger scale at the north entrance to the city, the Piazza del popolo.A trvium is the meeting of three radial streets at a piazza, with other words, their divergence from one.The central prong is axial, and the side ones run in equal or near equal acute relationship to it. This formal device is affiliated with Renaissance experiments in radial urbanism, but it is less totalitarian and more flexible.


Another modernization occurs in palace blocks. The modern palace blocks,here as elsewhere in italy, directly countered the dwelling compounds of the late Middle Ages with their irregular courtyards, gardens, and view towers. By their bulk and regular shaped these palaces brought a monumental scale to their neighborhoods and helped to generate orderly streets, squares and orthogonal city blocks.


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