Arch 221 Assignment 11

While we are coming to the end of the book, this week we assigned to read three chapter which are by the following order; “The Renaissance: Ideal and Fad”, Spain and The New World, İstanbul, and Venice.

In this post, ı will focus on the first chapter.

After The ıslmaic culture realize and spread. It takes its part from the already exists culture. Such as some of the monuments are displaced and some of the building interiors, exterior or both ways are adopted in Muslim culter.

Stitched Panorama

Like Gothic chapel turned into the mosque of Cordoba.The arcades of the multisided interior and the reverberating visitas were cut off. Without, the cruciform domed mass tore its way through the owpitched roofs that rippled like a gentle swell across the building, from the court to the Mihrab walls.

Three different architectural styles were abroad in Spain around 15th B.c: Gothic, a hybrid local connection of ornamental motifs applied without regard to the structure of the building, and the newly fashionable design that unearthed and modernized the tradition of ancient Rome.The source of this third alternative is Italy. After the Brunelleschi’s studies and improvements. The Gothic approach had changed. Gothic architecture functioned according to an abstract system of proportions. Individual elements of the building had no fixed ratios within themselves or with respect to overall measurements, but rather depended on internal correlations that followed from initial geometric choices.These entrenched Gothic habits were now no longer exist. The architect the building and put it down on a unitary plan, drawn to measure. From this, a building force could proceed to erect the structure without architect’s supervision.

After the some development in the architecture, we can say that architect, armed with the science of linear perspective and new mathematics, steeped in the knowledge of ancient sources, become the master of universal law that applies on its 9ea1fd8ad812092e93bb4b3e6965dad3structure. while the political diagram is unambiguous, we can give the Piccolomini palace as the example of the larges structure, in the plane or form the air. The church has the central place of honor. The town hall, vestigial and politely tucked in one corner, is a symbolic gesture. The remaining palace, the bishops residence stands as it does primarily for the sake of the design. At the visual level, seen form within the piazza, the papal block conceals most of itself in order to assure bilateral symmetry. the main entrance shifts for relating and centering the square.Also, the proportions of buildings defined and locked in place by the intervening space and its grid. As we can clearly observe the foundation of rational and proportional order in this structure and related with that we can say that this approach shows itself in this organization very well.

As ı can understand from this book ı can define Piazza as it is a long span, crossing point of the street that defines the public place. As we can see in the other culture, it is some way works as a market place or gathering point as well.The Palazzo Piccolomini, an urban four -square mass in the Florentine manner that was raised over older houses, had also reservoir on the roof to collect rainwater and distribute it trough iron pipes. So we can understand that the structures have its own function not served only for its built aim but also gain some self-function which can serve publicly or etcetera.

After ı read some information and the related examples about Brunelleschi and Alberti, we can notice the different architectural approach of them. Alberti considered columns ornamental, unlike Brunelleschi Who had used them as a load-bearing and space-defining components. Stability and definition for Alberti are the functions of walls. Architecture has two elements that bring about aesthetic satisfaction: beauty and ornaments. Beauty is innate. It is shaped around proportion, ratio, harmony and et-Cetera. On the other hand, an ornament is added on. This is where the column and its derivation, the pilaster, come in.

While ı ending this post ı also want to lastly mention about mannerism. Within the given examples from Italy and Spain, the writer explains mannerism as a post-medieval cyle. As ı can understand, ı can explain the mannerisms the way of having style in art. Also the reason of relation within the art and architecture, Architecture also influenced by that.In addition, we ca also say this period is the representation of the high renaissance.


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