This week we examine the seventh chapter from “ ”, by Spiro Kostof. This chapter title is POLİS AND AKROPOLİS.
At the beginning parts, writer pointed out the different architectural approaches between greek and Mesopotamian. Greek houses,like Mesopotamian’s turned inward. Grek house usually built around a court with a cistern or well in it as well as an altar. The rooms had no defined function. A low, raise platform around its walls distinguished the main dining and entertainment room or “andron”. For utilising light in two sight andron mostly found in corner of houses. I addition they use pastas for extending the width of houses. In old cities, city plan was irregular. Only ıf they had planed the city settlement the rectangular blocks showed themselves in ,especially, colonies. On the other hand in old cities the plan of city based on more hierarchical than strict geometric rules.
“Agora” was designed as the public space that sere as te multipurpose gathering place for the new citizen and their focus of self-government. They also use the city plan-grid for providing straightforward way to divine the land, shape the structure of city, and control its future growth. In the Greek colonies the grid inscribed the social preeminence of property-owing class, a kind of territorial aristocracy.
Actually -the plan that they use- Orthogonal planing is old as Egypt. But no one before designed the city in orthogonal city plans to provide public and residential buildings with coherently organized blocks. They called this Per Strigas sheme.
The other important greek structure is ” stoa”. Stoa was one of number of free-standing buildings that loosely hugged public spaces. At Miletus the stoa become elements of a total design, making the open space formal and monumental without enclosing it. Actually, Sta is as distinctive A Greek building type as is temple and much more flexible in form and function.
The external portico, that intermediate space between the indoors and outdoors, was common enough in Bronze Age Aegean. But there the feature always functioned as extension of other building. The continuous colonnade of peripteral temple is a Greek example of same practice. But stoa was a building in its own right, a covered portico of sufficient length and width to be usable by numbers of people. In deed, Stoas were being built with two usable storeys instead of one, and with L shaped plans. The supports of columns were Doric or Ionic depend on location and aesthetic preferences.
Author also gives lots of information about Miletus and he explains Greek- Roman planning stages in Miletus. These are;
- Classical Greece understated the architectural definition of civic spaces by merely suggesting enclosure, using the spare prence of colonnaded borders mostly along one or two sides only.
- In Hellenistic phase, architectural symmetry became important; the sace was usually articulated on three or even four sides, but with open space access to it form the outside along several points of the architectural envelope.
- The Roman planner finally, prefered seamless enclosure calculated axes. The public space was thus sealed off from the outside and allowed to stage its own total experience.
In addition, Writer introduce a few more architectural structures of Greek which are; Skias- some kind of dining room and bouleuterion- rectangular auditorium . After these information also he explains famous theaters , auditorium , the way of creating defence walls by using moat-brick-stone, While he is ending to this chapter he mentions famous and also amazing structure of Greece which are Erechtheion, Parthenon and Altar of Athena.